He was also depicted accompanied by dolphins , flutes , roosters , roses , and torches. The Greek word psyche literally means "soul, spirit, breath, life or animating force". Wounded, Eros leaves his wife, and Psyche wanders the Earth, looking for her lost love. Aphrodite was jealous of the beauty of mortal princess Psyche, as men were leaving her altars barren to worship a mere human woman instead, and so she commanded her son Eros, the god of love, to cause Psyche to fall in love with the ugliest creature on earth. She was portrayed in ancient mosaics as a goddess with butterfly wings because psyche was also the Ancient Greek word for 'butterfly'. Walters Art Museum , Baltimore. The novel itself is written in a picaresque Roman style, yet Psyche retains her Greek name. Eventually she approaches Aphrodite and asks for her help. Their fragile peace is ruined by a visit from Psyche's jealous sisters, who cause Psyche to betray the trust of her husband.
But in later sources, Eros is represented as the son of Aphrodite, whose mischievous interventions in the affairs of gods and mortals cause bonds of love to form, often illicitly. In Athens , he shared a very popular cult with Aphrodite, and the fourth day of every month was sacred to him also shared by Herakles, Hermes and Aphrodite. And the god roamed over the hills scourged with a greater fire. She pushed the boy away. Eros and Aphrodite are called by their Latin names Cupid and Venus , and Cupid is depicted as a young adult, rather than a child. Eros was associated with athleticism , with statues erected in gymnasia ,  [ verification needed ] and "was often regarded as the protector of homosexual love between men. The novel itself is written in a picaresque Roman style, yet Psyche retains her Greek name. The Greek word psyche literally means "soul, spirit, breath, life or animating force". Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek origin. Their fragile peace is ruined by a visit from Psyche's jealous sisters, who cause Psyche to betray the trust of her husband. He mated in the deep Abyss with dark Chaos, winged like himself, and thus hatched forth our race, which was the first to see the light. Together they had a daughter, Voluptas or Hedone meaning physical pleasure, bliss. In the earliest sources the cosmogonies , the earliest philosophers, and texts referring to the mystery religions , he is one of the primordial gods involved in the coming into being of the cosmos. Cupid and Psyche The story of Eros and Psyche has a longstanding tradition as a folktale of the ancient Greco-Roman world long before it was committed to literature in Apuleius ' Latin novel, The Golden Ass. Firstly, blackwinged Night laid a germless egg in the bosom of the infinite deeps of Darkness, and from this, after the revolution of long ages, sprang the graceful Love Eros with his glittering golden wings, swift as the whirlwinds of the tempest. Eros in art[ edit ] Eros depicted as an adult male, Attic red-figure bobbin c. But instead, Eros falls in love with Psyche himself and spirits her away to his home. Wounded, Eros leaves his wife, and Psyche wanders the Earth, looking for her lost love. Walters Art Museum , Baltimore. She was portrayed in ancient mosaics as a goddess with butterfly wings because psyche was also the Ancient Greek word for 'butterfly'. He was also depicted accompanied by dolphins , flutes , roosters , roses , and torches. However, in late antiquity, Eros was worshiped by a fertility cult in Thespiae. In fact the wound was deeper than it seemed, though unperceived at first. In Greek mythology, Psyche was the deification of the human soul. After successfully completing these tasks, Aphrodite relents and Psyche becomes immortal to live alongside her husband Eros.
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